Based on what I’m seeing the drive should be in mbr mode? I’m saying this because of partitions 4 and 5.
Windows tried to fix gpt but nearly fails when the original layout was gpt. They leave remnants of gpt lying around which can cause fog to not like it?
Are these machines booting via UEFI or Legacy? Was the image adjusted for Windows to boot MBR or GPT?
Again I’m only guessing based on what I’m seeing from the d1.partitions file. I could be wrong though.
If you can boot the client machine into debug deploy, what is output of